Autism Spectrum Disorder.

This video was published by the Raising children Network and the original can be found at

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability characterised by difficulties in social interaction, impaired communication, restricted and repetitive interests and behaviors and sensory sensitivities. There is not one symptom of the developmental delays, it is a combination of factors.

What causes Autism?

According to the Raising Childrens Network (RCN) website we don’t know exactly what causes autism spectrum disorder (ASD). But the latest research shows that in children with ASD:

  • there’s early brain overgrowth, which means the brain grows faster than average.
  • different parts of the brain don’t communicate with each other in a typical way.

Early Signs of Autism

The RCN identifies that by about the age of three, all children with ASD will show differences in two main areas – social communication, and interests and behav . Some of those differences include:

  • might not respond when people speak or gesture towards them, even when their names are called out
  • often make little eye contact with others and usually won’t copy other people’s actions, like clapping or waving
  • will talk about their own special interests, and rarely use language skills to communicate with others
  • might focus on categorising everything around them, such as labeling all their toy trains

For more detailed information the RCN website provide an excellent evidence based information resource.

Autism Assessments

If you are concerned about your child there is an assessment that is carried out to identify whether your child has an ASD. In order to start the process for an assessment a General Practitioner (GP)  needs to refer you to a Paediatrician. Medicare does provide some rebates for the assessment.

Autism assessment explained


Ladybug House offers a service that provides a  multidisciplinary autism assessment in less than one month from initial appointment in the one location. We use the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS -2), which is the gold standard for Autism Assessments. The team, consisting of a Psychologist and Speech Pathologist, will combine to complete an ASD  assessment, over three visits to the one location (except for the observation visit in which the parent need not attend). All you need is a referral from your Paediatrician.
The benefits include:
•    Reduced time and travel costs for only one location to visit over three appointments, no need for separate appointments with each practitioner which maybe up to 6 separate appointments. 
•    Reduced duplication – you only need to provide your family history once.
•    Complete diagnosis in ~4-6 weeks.
•    Medicare and private health insurance claiming on site.
•    Ability to access early intervention services sooner (if required).

Referral Process

  1. Have a Paediatrician refer you for an Autism Assessment at Ladybug House for Speech Pathology and/or Psychology. 
  2. Once you have the referral from your Paediatrician, call Ladybug House to organise a suitable time. If you have an existing referral for an assessment to another practice, you can still use it for Ladybug House, as long as it's for an Autism Assessment. This is important as the Paediatrician needs to activate specific item codes for Medicare so you can claim back some of the costs for at least 4 of the visits.
  3. There are a total of three appointments each running for approximately one hour.

Please note:

  • Children should be at least 18 months old and not older than 13 at the time of referral.  
  • If there needs to be a more general assessment about speech or developmental delay or behavioral problems, your GP  should refer to a Paediatrician for a developmental and behavioral assessment.

If you have any questions please call 03 9331 0720.